10 Things I know about ... Massachusetts wage and hour laws
10) A seven-day workweek, for payroll purposes, may start on any day of the week. Employers should consider establishing a workweek placing its busiest day(s) in the middle of its payroll workweek. If hourly employees work extra hours on the busiest days, the employer has the option of reducing employees’ number of hours before the end of the workweek to keep them at or below 40 hours.
9) Set it and forget it. A seven-day workweek, once established, should remain fixed.
8) Only certain employees can be paid as exempt-salaried. Only employees who satisfy the salary test and the duties test under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act are eligible to be paid a fixed weekly salary.
7) Exempt means just that. Only hourly employees must be paid extra wages for extra hours. While employers may do so, no law requires them to pay exempt-salaried employees’ extra when they work beyond their regular hours.
6) Overtime is triggered by the number of hours actually worked. Hourly employees are not entitled to time-and-one-half overtime for any hours paid beyond 40 where the hours being paid represent unworked paid time off, e.g. sick, vacation, etc.
5) No such thing as free work. Mass. law requires all hourly employees be paid for all time spent working. This includes any time hourly employees spend before the start or end of their shifts doing work the employer did not ask them to perform, or at least not outside their shift.
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